The Straits Times has an exciting collection of 15 online books that are now available to readers to download. The passing of Singapore's founding father Lee Kuan Yew. On mobile devices, the downloaded books can be read in an e-book or PDF viewer such as iBooks (iOS) or WPS Office. Available in National Library (Singapore)., Length: p.,  p. of plates: Identifier: Presented in Q & A format, and enriched with strong contextual narrative, each chapter features Lee in full flow - sometimes combative, occasionally querulous, .
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Lee Kuan Yew: Hard Truths To Keep Singapore Going. Price: US$ (SGD 29*) Format: Hard Cover, pages. Published: , Singapore, 1st Edition. Book Detail. Home / Ebook / Lee Kuan Yew - Hard Truths to Keep Singapore Going. Lee Kuan Yew - Hard Truths to Keep Singapore Going. Hard Truths to Keep Singapore Going [Lee Kuan Yew] on tingrakecoupde.gq *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Why is Lee so hard on his political opponents?.
I wish I could do that. He is a hard-working, industrious, rugged individual. Or we would not have made the grade. But let us also recognise that he is a champion grumbler. You train it in a proper way from small. No, we are not that kind of society. We had to train adult dogs who even today deliberately urinate in the lifts.
Results can be erratic. If we do, then, we must say categorically, without qualification, that no restraint from any democratic processes, other than by the ordinary law of the land, should be allowed … If you believe in democracy, you must believe in it unconditionally.
If you believe that men should be free, then, they should have the right of free association, of free speech, of free publication.
Then, no law should permit those democratic processes to be set at nought.
Many get elected because they sound and look good on television. The results have been unhappy for their voters. I just cease to exist just as she has ceased to exist — otherwise the other world would be overpopulated. I have lived long enough to see all this play out.
You throw a Jack, Queen, King, Ace against dice two, three, four, five, six, what do you get? So the cost-benefit made me drop golf. It did my fellow students and me no harm. New York: Cambridge University Press. Saxena, N. Virtuous cycles: Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Shamai, S. Sense of place: Geoforum, Teo, Y. Ethos Books. Apr 29, Lea Tan rated it it was amazing. This book gave great insights to the mind of Singapore's founding father in the most direct and provocative manner.
Helped young sgeans understand the history and milestones that our grandparents and parents have been through. Awesome read. Jan 29, min rated it it was amazing. Hard Truths are factual unpleasantries that most people do not admit. One dominant characteristic highlig Hard Truths are factual unpleasantries that most people do not admit. One dominant characteristic highlighted by Lee is having convictions. Lee believes that if one does not have convictions, it may be because of reasons such as personal glory, honour, publicity or popularity, instead of true passion for the cause Ibrahim et al.
During the period Lee took helm, Singapore was in uncertainty and distress. Racial riots were askew, with high tension between racial groups. With this conviction, he was prepared, regardless of the sacrifices he had to make. For the other leaders, they recognised that if they, as capable leaders, did not step in, Singapore could potentially collapse, affecting their family, businesses and everything else that mattered to them.
Even though Lee had stepped down from his Prime Minister position in , he continued to serve as Senior Minister, Minister Mentor and a Member of Parliament up till his death in Utilising his vast experience, Lee mentors and advises younger ministers on decision-making. He does not flaunt his political clout, instead providing them guidance and support. Acknowledging the fact that circumstances have changed, he does not criticise the current leadership and processes. When asked about his opinions, he directs the interviewer to question the younger ministers instead Ibrahim et al.
One such decision was the phasing out of dialects during the Speak Mandarin campaign, to promote social cohesiveness between the different dialect groups of Chinese Singaporeans, as well as successfully implementing the social policy of bilingual education.
Frequently highlighted by Lee as a trait of a successful leader is practicing empathy. As such, a community leader should stay in touch and communicate with the community.
Lee previously visits constituencies and new estates to talk to residents Ibrahim et al. Despite his struggles to pick up Chinese and Hokkien as an English-educated bourgeois, he did not relent.
Instead, he communicated with the working-class masses in their familiar language to understand their problems and interests Ibrahim et al. These qualities can be seen in scholars who have performed well academically, as well as the top in various professions. Aligning with his governing principle of meritocracy, Lee asserts that the objective criteria of a chosen leader being successful is performance-based. A successful minister is one who can achieve their intended outcome - being popular with the masses through empathy and sound decision-making Ibrahim et al.
To surmise, other than explicit knowledge, a successful leader should have a high level of contextual intelligence, defined as a combination of IQ, EQ and tacit knowledge, which is accumulated from on-the-job experience Ibrahim et al.
He further explains that although most ministers are part of the elite who received a better social and educational foothold compared to the working class, there are exceptionally successful ministers from non-elite origins, including non-scholars Wong Kan Seng and Tharman Shanmugaratnam. Lee uses his convictions about bettering Singapore as his guiding principles for decision-making, not wavering at the face of uncertainty.
As Lee reflected upon his political career, he admitted that some of his convictions, such as fighting for a Malaysian Malaysia, were a mistake. Nonetheless, Lee does not regret his past decisions. He stands by his convictions, explaining that he did what he thought was right given his knowledge and circumstances then Ibrahim et al. He perceives his past mistakes as learning points for better decision-making.
The largest challenge faced would be the lack of leadership continuity. Along with the stringent leadership criteria, this is perpetuated by Singapore having a population of three million people. Hence, Singapore has a smaller pool of potential leaders and successors compared to countries like China. Next, lack of a strong conviction dissuade the younger population from pursuing politics.
He points out that leaders should be highly motivated and passionate to their convictions, such as MP Denise Phua. Instead of treating the task like a job, she campaigns aggressively for disadvantaged children as she personally feels for them due to her son being autistic Ibrahim et al.
Hard Truths allowed me, as a reader, to learn about traits of successful leaders, and the challenges faced in their communities. Still, one cannot help but to admire and respect him for moulding Singapore from a Third to a successful First-World nation today.
Sep 11, Yen Wee rated it it was amazing. Lee with its candid and genuine tone throughout. When asked if he would choose to be a politician again, Mr. Lee expressed his reluctance and it was the circumstances that driven him to take up the mantle, having felt that he led his supporters down. He answered questions pertaining to prevailing social issues that I had previously oversimplified. Some instances of these issues are not specific to Singapore but our unique predicament starting out as a third world country with no natural resources require innovative solutions to tackle with prevailing issues — income inequality, reliance on government, views on eugenics, open-door policy, mandatory national service and even keeping Singapore green which we Singaporeans take for granted but is often the first comment that foreigners would have about Singapore.
I would like to share my thoughts on the former three issues in this short review and hopefully inspire you to pick up this book and explore the other thought-provoking yet touchy issues raised by Mr. However, we also have one of the highest Gini coefficients in the world and Mr. As dire income inequality is, I agree with Mr. However, now that we have attained first world status, income inequality remains unchanged and our Gini coefficient even rose from 0.
Despite similar GDPs profiles, Scandinavian countries boast a much lower Gini coefficient, ranging from 0. Thus, it begs the question - are we doing enough to strive towards equality? Admittedly, there are measures in place by the Ministry of Manpower to improve the situation such as to retrain and upgrade older workers to improve their skillset and thus employability p.
However, this remains a challenge as pick-up rates for such schemes like SkillsFuture remain drastically low at 6. Therefore, is it wise to continue to render additional help to the lower strata if they themselves choose not to pick up the aid made available?
Or is the help rendered in the case of retraining schemes even remotely useful at all?
It is a moral dilemma to allocate more resources to help the struggling working class as it then becomes unfair to the other classes that also contribute to the nation yet do not benefit from the reallocation. Instead, this could inevitably encourage a welfare state in the case of Britain and Europe p. Therefore, Mr. Lee was wise enough to avoid promoting any form of reliance and opt for empowering citizens through means like education.
On his views on Eugenics Mr. Surprisingly, Mr. He cited the Indian caste system p. However, if individuals like Lim Chee Onn, son of a taxi driver p.
In fact, our community is so fixated with attaining quantifiable success that we neglect other non-quantifiable aspects like creativity. As such, it is crucial for our nation to start promoting other paths to success apart from the well-worn traditional path. Currently, there are initiatives in creating such alternatives in the form of music, art and sports schools. In conclusion, I am deeply inspired by how Mr. However, I have come to appreciate aspects of Singapore that I would not have otherwise.
Given the number of talented individuals and our leading education, it remains baffling that none that we have groomed have come close to Mr. Regardless, Hard Truths has truly illustrated community leadership driven by genuine intentions that I would hope to witness in my generation, to go against odds and forge a better community. Mar 15, PMP rated it really liked it Shelves: I need to write Han Fook Kwang a thank you note.
This could have been another concrete block of a book, but with some deft manouevring, Han convinced the titan of Asian geopolitics to drop the idea of a third instalment to his autobiography series, and submit instead to a series of interviews. Han and his team of young and old journalists cap and sock the revealing, highly-entertaing interview sequences with what appear to be factual backdrop, but in fact serve as sly little digs at the intervie I need to write Han Fook Kwang a thank you note.
Han and his team of young and old journalists cap and sock the revealing, highly-entertaing interview sequences with what appear to be factual backdrop, but in fact serve as sly little digs at the interviewee.
For all the subversiveness of the interviewers and the offensiveness of the interviewee, Lee emerges as a human being after all. That is something that, left to himself, I suspect he could not possibly have known how to do. The myth is turning into a man at last. Mar 05, Clarence Wx rated it really liked it. LKY is definitely a force to be reckon with. His pragmatic and practical ways have made Singapore what she is today, though it may be aggressive.
This book has freshen my thoughts and opinions on Singapore and answered or at least gave me a clearer picture the many doubts and queries I personally have regarding her present and her future. It is also nice to know some of my take in life coincides with LKY.
May 09, Jules rated it really liked it Shelves: Very interesting read. Have come to appreciate Singapore a lot more, now that I understand its history a little better. Am quite in awe of Lee, and admire the way he thinks, and like how steadfast he is with his opinions. Quite liked the format of the book as well-made it very accessible.
Apr 01, Wan Peter rated it liked it Shelves: Its tough to be a Singaporean. I am glad to be in this country. May 04, Xi Xi rated it really liked it. I like his sheer sense of realities.
May 19, Erwinchong rated it it was amazing. Sep 20, Kuku rated it really liked it. Good insight on LKY's personal thoughts and political views. May not agree fully with his views but respect his fortitude and self-belief. Jan 25, Jasmine Tan rated it it was amazing. Introduction Lee Kuan Yew: Hard Truths to keep Singapore Going is not a book for the faint-hearted. Consisting of hours of interviews with Mr. He also shared about his own experience transforming a fishing village into the first-world country we see today, juxt 0.
He also shared about his own experience transforming a fishing village into the first-world country we see today, juxtaposing the scrupulous older generation to the younger generation who are overly complacent and comfortable with the fruits of past labor.
On change and inertia: The non-resident segment of the population grew the fastest. Adding the Permanent Residents and the non-resident population, non-citizens together made up 36 percent of the total population by pg Understandably, Singaporeans start questioning their identity, which has been perceived as being gradually ebbed with such massive influx of foreigners.
Are we delaying our nation-building process by allowing such a huge inundation each year, and thus making the already arduous task of integrating a multicultural society even more challenging? Nevertheless, Mr. Assuming that Singaporeans are indeed concerned about protecting the Singaporean spirit, then Mr. It may also possibly reflect the success of various systems of social engineering that were implemented during his term i. However, even among Singaporeans, the recent disputes i.
The culmination of recent disputes potentially indicates that the tolerance limit is almost nearing and may one day explode. At this point, my simplistic viewpoint: Yet, it is also myself, as someone who has been born and bred in the very country of contention, who can cast hopes that not all is lost.
While it may have been tolerance at the beginning, I can attest to the fact that it had also gradually become acceptance and true integration as we go to the same school, eat the same food and orientate towards a common Singaporean future.
On Income Inequality and Stratification: The Future of Singapore in the Eye of an Economist "Society is bound to end up with unequal outcomes, where the more able end up better off financially and socially than the less able" pg By encouraging self-reliance of its people, the country has pursued relentless economic growth in hopes of securing a future for this resources-scarce island.
To him, it would be foolish not to pursue economic growth when the opportunity strikes. He also hoped "to create the conditions for the ablest to go far so they can bring in jobs for the masses - and then redistribute the surpluses to help the less able". Such ideal sounds promising, but it does not seem to have been realized in the country as its GINI coefficient, the measure of income inequality in a country, climbed to become one of the highest in the world. Yet, Mr. Some Singaporeans do not understand what slow growth means.
In essence, it is a catch The working class feels unjustified when we are pursuing economic growth too quickly and generating such social problems. But if the country does not pursue these goals, there will be limited jobs to cater to them. Then, with fewer people employed in the workforce, more social ills may arise. On his leadership: Facing a country with limited resources, he had to make tough decisions along the long and arduous journey. Some were highly controversial, while some were praised.
In particular, his ardent belief towards eugenics has been a highly contentious topic among Singaporeans. In the interviews, he candidly shared the views that he held firmly: People get educated, the bright ones rise, they marry equally well-educated spouses. It was eventually scrapped after a public outcry, which speaks volumes for a society where resentments were rarely voiced out.
Granted, while reading his views on these issues, one may wonder whether as the leader of a country, he should be laying out his views so blatantly in the public. Further, by concretizing these "facts", would the working class stop trying even though hard work probably plays a huge role in determining future success as well? Would it propagate a self-fulfilling prophecy, especially when the leader himself has such low confidence for the less educated?
Conclusion This book cannot be perfectly relished upon without an open mind free of judgment. My friend and I read the same book but disagreed on many aspects of the book in terms of what Mr Lee truly meant: Born from the working class, there were probably times where the book evoked a sense of helplessness in me; in particular, the parts about Eugenics, when he mentioned how a taxi driver's child simply has less likelihood of success.
This is a book worth reading a few times at different points of life, to view his responses with varied perspectives and to ponder over some of the complicated issues raised which has no easy solutions.
Nov 07, Liau rated it really liked it. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. The book is subdivided into many chapters, each talking about issues Singapore faced and are currently facing now. Each chapter is presented as a short summary followed by the actual questions and answers Mr Lee gave. This interesting mode of presentation was done so to allow Mr Lee to speak in his own words to we readers.
Everything he done in his political career was geared towards the survival and prosperity of Singapore. I would like to talk more about the concern of elitism that Mr Lee sought to address. The debate on elitism in Singapore has been ongoing for many years. This is mainly due to the core PAP team coming from professional high-flyers and government scholars with excellent academic performances and affluent backgrounds. However, they are mainly English-educated and have almost to none experience in grassroots activities.
Many have criticised these leaders for losing their sense of reality and touch with the everyday lives of ordinary Singaporeans. However, I think that Mr Lee is downplaying the seriousness of elitism in Singapore.
Lee Kuan Yew: Hard Truths To Keep Singapore Going
The main problem is the lack of interaction between students of different social classes, which is exacerbated by the Gifted Education Program GEP that bring primary school students with outstanding intelligence together to study in a high-level curriculum.
Affluent families will spend thousands on tuition to prepare their children, which lead to a conglomerate of children from wealthy families together in elite schools. In fact, parents play the most important role in educating their children on such values. However, the presence of meritocracy in education would favor the rich and powerful but destroying it would do more harm than good. There are other salient points Mr Lee raised but there is too much to cover for me. I highly recommend Singaporeans from all walks of life to read this to really understand Mr Lee's though process on the policies that shaped Singapore from her birth to the current present.
Nov 08, Chew Si Jing rated it it was amazing. Hard Truths To Keep Singapore Going Han Fook Kwang et al , is definitely a book that everyone should have a go at, to understand the challenges and difficulties behind the success of Singapore today. This will certainly give you a glimpse of our transformation from a third world, to a first world country.
Lee Kuan Yew: Hard Truths To Keep Singapore Going
This memoir, which articulates Mr. A few key lessons on community and leadership that can be drawn include: In this review, I will elaborate on the first point on political and community leadership. Taking on the role of community leadership entrusts the leader with the responsibility of ensuring the well-being and improvement of the community.
On the other hand, political leadership serves to make sound choices and if necessary at the expense of the unhappiness of some for the betterment of the country. For Lee, he understood the struggles to strike a balance between the two. Here, the Singapore government is seen as a tree and the people as its roots. Both are interdependent of each other for the country to prosper.
Lee related to the community and introduced measures such as providing grants for new downloaders to own HDB units Han, As a political leader, he had to be pragmatic and firm in his decisions despite the dissatisfaction of many. One example revolves around the criticisms on the ministerial pay policy Han, which Lee defended.
While both roles seem to be contradictory of one another, they are not mutually exclusive. Certainly, the government has the moral duty to meet the needs of citizens who gave them the very existence and empathy is the force that moves the country forward.
However, should a policy be enacted to act in the betterment of the country be unpopular, the leader needs to have the conviction to go against popularity Han, This largely demonstrates the characteristics of an efficient leader. By and large, he managed an equilibrium between political and community leadership. Singaporeans remain as the successor of the legacy of our forefathers and have the responsibility to ensure our progress in the next 50 years.
Indeed, Mr. Straits Times, Nov 08, Eleanor Teo rated it really liked it. Yet for a country that consistently top global rankings in wealth, education and even cost of living, Lee is not without fears of the vulnerabilities Singapore may face in coming years. The book also discusses the factual challenges in adapting and appealing to the younger generation, ensuring a meritocratic state and tackling the social divide which reveals the grit, commitment, and fears in pages of hard truths.
Lee brought Singapore from a third world country to a first on the international stage through an era of uncertainty where adaptability was a key lesson learned as it was a challenge to understand and communicate to the people of Singapore, particularly the younger generation.
His fears lie where the peace, comfort, and security that is enjoyed today is not for granted and it is a matter of time it may be lost if Singaporeans do not work hard to maintain or better it.
Being a realist, he has always held a utilitarian view on state affairs, particularly on beliefs in hard work, meritocracy, and his pet topic — equality and the inheritability of genes which demonstrated the recognition of inherent challenges and realistic ideals in ensuring a meritocratic state.
As politically incorrect the above claim may sound, it led him to provide opportunities for all to pursue, advancing the ablest and providing conditions for the less able to go as far as they can in their respective fields and interests. After all, society is indeed unequal but the question herein lies how to enable the less able with equal opportunities to better their circumstances. As a Singaporean, I grew up reciting the idealistic pledge of multiculturalism in school every assembly but upholding the essence of the pledge is certainly an ongoing challenge that must be handled well to ensure social cohesion.
In governing Singapore, Lee shared the struggles in tackling the increasing social divide with the necessary influx of foreigners to diversify our economy. Being a nation with people from different ethnic backgrounds, his fears are not unfounded as it not only involves understanding the worldview of different groups but also to communicate to younger Singaporeans on the importance of racial harmony which could be easily taken for granted.
Thus, ground-up initiatives are crucial in steering growth towards an inclusive society where community projects are implemented to foster communal ties and a new kampung spirit in urban Singapore. Feb 25, Renkai rated it it was amazing. After finishing this book, some issue that came into mind. Become a Muslim not like other religions, as a Muslim it will change your life, you need go to mosque, learn Arabic prayers and diet and nearly everything. Government can integrate all religions and races Except Islam.
Muslims socially do not cause any trouble but they distinct and separate! In a long team run I feel that it might h After finishing this book, some issue that came into mind. In a long team run I feel that it might have some issue. One of the key thing from separating is the things that we eat, Halal and non-halal. Muslims get Muslim food, otherwise there could be a lot of unhappiness. Because of that Muslims tend to sit separately and all that might become a social divide.
Even the intermarriage becomes very limited because you need to convert it change your life of living. But not the headscarves on school Uniform. Why there is not a lot of immigrants from Malays-Muslim or Indonesians-Muslim to come or very few to come? Because they see us as Un-Islamic nation. As without high birth rate of Malay, Malay religions might become smaller. I feel we need put in more effect to have this multiracialism?
If not, it may have another race riots? For Singapore Muslims, the issue of religious identity versus national identity. They would feel conflicting loyalties should Singapore have to fight a war against either of its neighbors, led to young men of Malay-Muslim descent be excluded from the rank of the armed forces in the early year of independence. That makes Malay males have high chance of going to police force or civil defense force, which again create a separation from Chinese and a stick the Malay males more closely together.
Otherwise we will end up in , with 1. Without the foreigners our whole economy will collapse, as we need the foreigners and the manpower to maintain our growth.
As burden becomes great, bright young ones will emigrate. And that is why we are asking more for children because we are not reproducing enough to replace. Have a fertility rate of about 2 might solve the problem so sustain the economy, but if fertility rate cannot hit 2, we have to let more foreigners in sustainable self-growth. As influx of foreigners, there will also lead to issues we need to soothing the feeling of citizens. For middle-age Chinese from china is really hard to mix with the local as they had live their life not the same way as compare to Singapore Chinese.
Even though they try to merge in with local Chinese but some of the things cannot change overnight. But the children going local school, they will have no problem becoming a Singaporean. As we are able to attract high-quality of Indians, they come from the north and even those from Tamil Nadu consider themselves superior to the Singaporean Indians.
MRT and buses are getting more crowed as they feel that the foreigners are squeezing them for space, their children are going to compete with mine for school places, scholarships and jobs. Furthermore, the vast majority of foreigners are work permit holders doing the heavy jobs, those who do not have the qualification to become PRs or citizens. The concerns with the work permit workers have to do with security and social disturbances.
Influx of low-cost labor depresses wages for low-income, and this increase the gap between rich and poor in Singapore. There is no equal society with equal rewards.
What you earn depends on your performance, and performance depends on your education, skill and abilities.
Two e-books on the late Mr Lee Kuan Yew free for download
If we pretend that everybody is equal when they are not, the system will malfunction. Unwanted jobs, Singaporean not willing to do these jobs such as go to the dockyards and take up a blowtorch or climb up scaffolding at the construction sites, you can pay them twice the salary, they will still say no.
People at the lower end feel that to some extent the system is stacked against them. A large part of the growth benefits those at the top. As the disparity will still be there between the high end and the low end because of globalization. If we do away the foreign talent and the foreign workers our GDP will drop which means, we will get poorer. Oct 26, Lee Jia Xun rated it it was amazing. Undoubtedly, this book elucidates the hard truths that Singaporeans should consider in order to understand the issues in our community.
A key issue that has been extensively explored in the book is the problem of elitism and inequality. With a Gini coefficient of 0.
Furthermore, as the rich has more resources to help their children to succeed, the income gap will only widen endlessly. Can our government create a more egalitarian society? As a pragmatist and realist, Lee shares his thought-provoking perspective on inequality. Han, , p. In any meritocratic society with accessible education, the intelligent ones will climb up the social ladder and marry spouses who are equally well-educated.
While this is a rather depressing perspective, I find it highly logical and convincing as Lee substantiates his theories with a host of empirical evidence, science, and life experiences. For instance, he highlighted the Indian caste system where Brahmins often marry within their caste, allowing descendants of Brahmins to maintain a high level of intelligence.
Therefore, a better approach to create a fair community is to ensure equal opportunities, not outcomes. My takeaway is that a leader must analyse the constraints and limitations of his people realistically, rather than getting caught up with lofty ideals. Admittedly, it is more efficient to redistribute the wealth of those who are better off, than to artificially equalise a population of inherently unequal individuals.
References Han.Memoirs of Lee Kuan Yew, Vol. Introduction Lee Kuan Yew: Have a fertility rate of about 2 might solve the problem so sustain the economy, but if fertility rate cannot hit 2, we have to let more foreigners in sustainable self-growth.
But you can only get people to make this sacrifice of their personal space and time for one term. Rahim, L.
This will certainly give you a glimpse of our transformation from a third world, to a first world country.
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